Thursday, February 21, 2008

GUEST POST: This Bridge Called Barack

I'm delighted to bring you this guest post this morning from Renee Cramer (pictured left), an assistant professor of Law, Politics, and Society at Drake University in Des Moines, IA. Renee's recent scholarly work has focused on intersections of race and class in American Indian law and politics and has been published by the University of Oklahoma Press (Cash, Color, and Colonialism) and several academic journals. Here's Renee!

This Bridge Called Barack

Andrew Sullivan recently wrote that Barack Obama is the only presidential candidate – either Republican or Democrat – who can bring the United States out of the morass that is the “Culture Wars” and into a saner, more peaceful future. Sullivan wrote that Obama is the candidate who can “bridge th[e] widening partisan gulf” in American politics, suture the fissures created by divisive discourse on religion, and connect the generational divide that typifies Baby Boomer Era politics and rubs those of us in Generations X and Y the wrong way.

Sullivan pictures Obama as the bridge to the future that Bill Clinton sold us on, the bridge to the 21st century. And Sullivan’s right. It is useful, indeed, inspiring, to envision Barack Obama and his candidacy as a bridge that takes us beyond where the Clinton administration left off, and from which the Bush administration has tragically backtracked.

This vision – of Obama as a bridge – is a powerful one for many reasons. But for me, its powerful because it brings to mind the mind-blowing, transcendent work of Gloria Anzuldua. Hermana Anzuldua wrote Borderlands - La Frontera: The New Mestiza, which was published by Spinsters/Aunt Lute press in 1987 and went on to become an often assigned, much cited, lovingly read classic in feminism, Chicano/a studies, and queer theory. In elaborating the title of that book, the late Anzuldua wrote, “the Borderlands are physically present wherever two or more cultures edge each other, where people of different races occupy the same territory, where under, lower, middle, and upper classes touch, where the space between two individuals shrinks with intimacy.”

Barack Obama inhabits these borderlands. As the African American son of a “white” Midwestern woman and an African man, he lives on the borderlands of racial identity in the United States. As someone who has lived with varying degrees of material comfort, as a former community organizer with an Ivy League education, he occupies the borderlands of social and economic class. As a man who publicly celebrates being married to a strong woman, and the father of two daughters, he lives on the borderlands of gender relations. As a person who has lived for extended periods abroad, in developing nations, and who has crafted a persona of calm and compassionate rationality on the world stage, Obama has potential to change the face of the United States in the international arena; he is on the borderlands and the frontier of US foreign policy.

As a powerful campaigner who connects as well in small settings as large venues, indeed, Obama shrinks space with intimacy.

But it is not Anzuldua’s Borderlands/La Frontera that Sullivan’s piece evoked for me – rather, it is her earlier work, the edited volume that she and Cherrie Moraga compiled, titled, famously This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color, and published in 1981.

That groundbreaking collection was utterly transformational – for scholarship, for women of color, for me (a Midwesterner, a “white” girl), when I read it in college in the early 1990s. The book juxtaposes disparate female voices, in a multitude of languages, attitudes, genres and guises. In it, writers like Audre Lorde call for a “radical restructuring” of the United States – they call for liberation, justice, and subversion. They argued that these transformations could occur in the most intimate of places – the home, the person, the body – as well as in the halls of government and the workings of the law.

NPR’s Tom Ashbrook noted in an interview with Sullivan that Obama’s candidicay, at this particular point in US history, is like a “miracle of American culture.” Anzuldua’s writings, her demarcation of the borderlands, her indigenista mestijae message, her ability to collaborate, to hold onto her idea of self while transcending identity politics – those, as well, are miracles of a truly American culture. I see them embodied in the Obama campaign.

Anzaldua’s writing was called, by Patrisia Gonzales and Roberto Rodriguez in their weblog’s obituary for the author, “honest as a cactus.” Obama would likely smile at that phrase. Certainly he has his own tendencies for telling prickly truths, like when he famously spoke about raising auto emission standards, not at an environmental rally, but in front of United Auto Workers members and assembly line workers in Detroit, and when he is frank about the costs of some of his proposed programs, and candid about the costs of the campaign on his personal life.

Some feminists have argued that Hillary Clinton is the candidate we must support, primarily because she is a woman. And lately, supporters of Clinton have accused Obama of sexist language on the campaign trail, as when he said that she “periodically” attacks his campaign, when she’s “down” in the polls.

But my brand of feminism is an anti-essentialist, transformational politics. It is not a reductivist regressive identity politics that sees insult and victimization in the most innocent of phrases. Barack Obama’s very identity requires an anti-essentialist stance. And his refusal to play the race card in the face of clearly racializing language from his opponents refuses the victim cast. Like Anzuldua’s writings, the potential of Obama’s candidacy is “transformational,” as Sullivan writes – transformational of the culture wars, of America’s image abroad, of our sense of responsibility to each other, and of our cynicism and apathy towards “politics as usual.”

In his hybridity, in his transformational and historic campaign, in his focus on empowering and employing the grassroots of American democracy, I see Obama as the most feminist candidate currently running. Certainly, he is a bridge – not a bridge to the dubious promises of the 21st century; but a bridge that evokes the promises of the borderland, the understanding and acknowledgment that American democracy has, as Gloria Anzaldua and Cherrie Moraga reminded us, been built on the backs of others who came before.

He is A Bridge Called Barack.

You can reach the author at And thank you to Shira Tarrant for making the connection!


J. K. Gayle said...

I see Obama as the most feminist candidate currently running.

Your not alone in your excellent observations. (Thanks for the great post!) Karlyn Kohrs Campbell, the world’s greatest scholar on womanly discourse and on presidential rhetoric, has conceded (to some of us at a conference recently) that Barack Obama is using feminist rhetoric. Kohrs Campbell is the one who wrote that famous “Hating Hillary” article a while back, in which she looked at the rhetorics of hate around Clinton. (I asked if she thought Toni Morrison, who endorses Obama, could fairly call him, if elected, “our first woman president.” Kohrs Campbell, who likes the idea of a true woman president sooner rather than later, replies: “yes, you could call him a ‘womanly’ presidential candidate.”)

In a related post, Hugo Schwyzer offers "A few notes on feminism, symbols, and youthful Obamophilia."

smilla's simple life said...

j. k., thanks for your comment on my piece. I think we could push it a bit further and say that Obama's rhetoric is not only feminist, it is nonviolent. And the reaction of many on the left to marginalize this nonviolent feminist speech is disheartening. He's called "too kind," "too weak" to be president - and surely you saw Mark Halperin saying that Edwards thought Obama was "a pussy." That kind of language does much - it emasculates a black man quite effectively, and has the dual effect of making him seem both more palatable (because he's not scary or angry) and less effective a leader. So "pussy" isn't just misogynist, it has the effect of denigrating nonviolent discourse and limiting its efficacious use in US politics. --Renee

Rachel said...

Thank you for posting this. I'm a feminist for Obama and am always met with resistance from my community. I appreciate this argument ever so much!

Anonymous said...

I must be in the dark ages, but I can not believe how many feminists are not supporting Hillary. I feel like I have taken a step back in time when women were told it would be better not to have the right to vote at the same time as black men. Gender focused issues have completely fell to the wayside in this entire presidential debate with the exception of healthcare. Her take on healthcare is so much more progressive. Her voice that me must fight for the top is the message that is resonating with me.

People keep on talking about what a great message we will be sending the world if we elect Barack. How about the message we will send if we elect a woman? If she does not become the next president of the U.S. how about a woman at the head of the U.N. - that would be a hell of a message to send the world.

Deborah Siegel said...

J.K. - thanks for those excellent links!! On a related note, check out Ellen Goodman's column from last Friday - I'll do a post on it and bring some of these comments into it as well.

Anonymous said...

I appreciate your post (especially coming from a women's studies graduate program where Gloria Anzaldua is heavily focused on ...Texas Woman's University). I worry, however, that with this post you are doing what so many others are doing; you seem to be deifying Obama is some strange way. Granted, he is a wonderful candidate, but lest we not forget he (like Hillary, like McCain, etc) are POLITICIANS, these people are NOT social activists, they are not humanitarians, they are not philanthropists in the very traditional ways these terms are defined. He, like Hillary, is a lawyer-turned-policy-maker-turned presidential candidate. These folks have been prepped for this moment their entire adult lives.

To compare Obama to something Anzalduan seems a bit premature and, well, just wrong in my opinion. At least wait to crown him the second coming of christ once he has actually proven something beyond sexy rhetoric. To continue to give Obama this "he is so worthy" pass does us (the people) no good. I fear that the political wool has been pulled over many eyes. We forget that we must STILL hold these politicians accountable. I am a Hillary supporter, but I do not see her as my savior. I see her legacy in partnership with my own; not simply because she is a woman but because I believe in where she stands on the issues, her experience, and hell the woman has paid her political dues. Does this make me a non-transformative, or conforming, feminist? No, absolutely not. No matter who we support, I just hope we realize that after the honeymoon is over we will still be awake and not fall passively asleep after the sex is done. I hope that folks recognize the ones out there actually doing the activist work (you know the one's who usually don't get the credit, and are not famous celebrities or politicians).

I had the opportunity to meet both Obama and Hillary Clinton when they came to Dallas. I went to an Obama rally first, it was amazing; people were enthralled by this man (myself included). Then, I went to a Hillary rally; that too was amazing, mostly because Hillary actually took the time to talk to me and my friends. I was moved because here stood before me a woman in such a powerful position, a position that, as a young brown girl growing up, would have never believed a woman could actually hold.

Arguably, she too represents a type of liminal space by embodying something that transcends gender oppression.

With all that said, I invite you and your readers to read my blog about Hillary :) Follow link below.

You might also find Trevor Phillips article "Obama Victory Will Prolong Racial Divide" quite intriguing.

It's always nice to see what other folks are saying! Again, I enjoyed reading your blog.


smilla's simple life said...

Tara - I'm really slow commenting on your comment on my post .... :) but I appreciate your cautions, and want to respond a bit. Though I'm leery of how scattershot my comments back might seem.

You're not the first to think that Obama supporters are deifying him, but I take issue with your characterization of my particular support for him -- I don't see him as "my savior" or even democracy's "savior" - I certainly haven't "crowned him the second coming of christ." And I would call on the electorate to hold whomever we elect accountable! Cornel West, a friend-of-Clintons and now campaigner for Obama makes similar points whenever he speaks -- democracy doesn't end with the vote - it begins with the dialogue leading up to votes, and continues with accountability.

I think Obama is the best candidate for a number of reasons - primarily because he does a more self-conscious job about articulating the role of the electorate in the democracy. His language is inclusive -- where Hilary Clinton uses "I" 25 - 30 times in a speech, Obama uses "we." Clinton gives me the impression that she wants my vote; Obama gives me the impression that he wants my participation. No, I'm not deluded into thinking that he isn't ambitious, doesn't want power, isn't a politician; and I also don't believe that Hilary is only out for herself, and wouldn't advocate for the good of groups I am in sympathy with -- but simple rhetorical strategies of inclusion, empowerment, and community *are* important, and important markers of a leadership philosophy that could have important implications for policy and democratic governance. And this isn't, for me, just the rhetoric the candidates are using - I see it in their campaign organization and structure. I've had several students work for and intern for both campaigns - and this is my impression from talking to them about their (excellent with both campaigns) experiences.

I think you're right that a comparison to Anzaldua is a bit premature - while I stand by the comparison, it should be recognized as a provocation, a metaphor, a hope even - not blind nor niave (I can never spell that word!), but aspirational.

Its funny that you compare your two experiences with the campaign rallies - I had similar ones, and completely opposite! I've seen all of the Democratic candidates in person twice, I attended the Iowa debates. Since you shared the nice story about Clinton talking with you and your friends, I'll share mine about Obama (but note, this is NOT why I support him! Its just a cute story) -- my three year old (an unabashed Hillary Clinton supporter!!), dad, step mom, and I were at an Obama event in town; it was 2 hours late getting started due to weather, and was packed beyond their expectation of the crowd, into two over flow rooms. My step mom took my son out for some water - and to stem the tide of crankiness that 2 hours in a hot packed room was bringing on -- and they walked around the corner to see Obama coming out of the bathroom. My little guy yelled "Barack Obama!" and the candidate turned, smiled, put his fingers to his lips and said "you didn't see me!" :) just a gentle little joke to a tiny little kid. It showed me the same humanity that Clinton showed you.

Which brings me to my larger point, in agreement with you - yes, they are both human. Fallible. Self-interested. Not messiahs. Not heros. They're both, gasp, lawyers. And, they both (I wish Clinton would raise this more) were community and political organizers. They are both historic candidates. They would both make good, if not exceptional presidents - I just happen to think that the Obama campaign is more feminist, in the way that I understand and embrace feminism; that it is more collaborative, more inclusive, more democratic - in rhetoric and organization -- than the Clinton campaign. Aside from agreeing with his policy plans and appreciating what he did in Illinois, I find him the more exciting candidate, the more motivational - and I want to stake a claim that this is, indeed, a feminist stance.


bora said...

Emma jacob said...

Hi, thank you for sharing this great info. Was just browsing through the net in my office and happened upon your blog. It is really very well written and quit comprehensive in explaining with a very simple language.
Natural vitamins supplements

eshaa said...

For this motive to provide every product to the customer, and to accomplish the all needs of the people we introduce an authentic and valuable E-marketing place where mushroom of beautiful and well equipped houses and accommodations are provided by the so worthy and trusty E-marketing place which is .
Free Classified Ads

kathrin said...

I enjoyed your entries on Toxic Words - such great thoughts and a wonderful reminder to watch the words I use - to be positive and kind and use words to build up rather than tear down. :)
website design perth

Farrah Khan said...

They don’t create the creative writing essay themselves. They just purchase essays at the professional research papers writing service.

doctor ratings and reviews | find doctor list | doctor reviews by patients | doctor ratings and reviews by patients

Sabrina Taylor said...

Thanks for a nice share you have given to us with such an large collection of information. Great work you have done by sharing them to all. Simply superb. Classified Ads delhi

Fabian Smith said...

Interesting post.
hire social media optimization Experts

Archie Pavia said...

fairly an interesting post. the post is really the best on this worthwhile topic. Thanks for sharing this. Keep it up more dude. -- st louis park hotels

Unknown said...

This blog is an exact representation of skills. I appreciate the blogger for posting the most excellent thought. Lux Style Awards

Unknown said...

This is really my very first time here, great looking blog. I discovered so many interesting things inside your blog especially its discussion. Cheap Essay Writing

Unknown said...

Thanks for your marvelous posting! I quite enjoyed reading it, you are a great author.I will be sure to bookmark your blog and definitely will come back from now on. I want to encourage that you continue your great job, have a nice day! Paper Writing Services

Unknown said...

I appreciated on Author effort.who wrote the nice and informative post for us and also share with us. Cheap Essay Writing

Unknown said...

Good post….thanks for sharing. Very useful for me i will bookmark this for my future needed. Thanks for a great source. App Marketing Online

Unknown said...

Nice content, it really made me think. I’d like to thank you for that and the great guestbook you have there. Cheap Essays

Unknown said...

I am happy to find this post very useful for me, as it contains lot of information. I always prefer to read the quality content and this thing I found in you post,Thanks for sharing. Hire a ASP.NET Developer

Unknown said...

It is very good post nice and must be admitted one of best blog. thanks for sharing. Wholesale Towels

Unknown said...

Your contents are too straightforward to browse and easy to understand. Debt Collector

Unknown said...

Excellent job done and nice informative blog posted. Android App Marketing

Unknown said...

Thanks for your efforts in spreading academic knowledge.
website designing company

Unknown said...

Awesome stuff.Thanks for sharing.I would like to bookmark this page. Custom Essays

Unknown said...

Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!
website development for companies | Low cost and high quality 2d animation | Advertising agencies in London

Web Development Company said...

Cute Smile, Thanks For Sharing:)

Web Application Development Company

Unknown said...

This blog is always wonderful..the insights are too brilliant and useful .Thanks for this good site.Coupon Missy
Coupon Codes
Free Shipping
Grocery Coupons
Aeropostale Coupons
ALDO Shoes Coupons
Amazon Coupons
American Eagle Coupons
Ann Taylor Coupons
AutoZone Coupons
Babies Online Coupons
Babies R Us Coupons
Banana Republic Coupons
Barnes and Noble Coupons
Barneys Warehouse Coupons Coupons
Bebe Coupons
Bed Bath and Beyond Coupons
Best Buy Coupons
Beyond the Rack Coupons
BJs Wholesale Coupons
Bloomingdales Coupons
Bluefly Coupons Coupons Coupons
Columbia Coupons Coupons Coupons
Eddie Bauer Coupons
Express Coupons Coupons
Gap Coupons
Groupon Coupons

Unknown said...

That's really massive exposure post and I must admire you in this regard. Macy's Coupon
JcPenney Coupons
Bluefly Coupon Codes
Target Promo Codes
Barnes & Noble Coupon Code
Groupon Promo Codes
Amazon Promo Codes
Best Buy Coupons
American Eagle Promo Code
AutoZone Coupons
Walmart Coupon Codes
Next Day Flyers Coupon Codes
Overstock Promo Codes
bebe Coupon Codes
Light In The Box Coupons
SmartBargains Coupons
Bed Bath and Beyond Coupon

Unknown said...

Wow Amazing post really informative thanks for the great post.
Search Strings
SEO Company
Google Adwords
Social Media
Web Analytics
Conversion Optimization
Reputation Management

Fabian Smith said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Fabian Smith said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Fabian Smith said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Fabian Smith said...

Nice post. Thanks for sharing. It was very interesting and meaningful. Hamilton Resourcing
Human Resource Solutions UAE
Psychometrics Tests
Psychometrics Test Dubai
Talent Management
Integrity International
Executive Recruitment UAE
The McQuaig Psychometric System
The McQuaig Job Survey
The McQuaig Word Survey
The McQuaig Self-Development Survey
Executive Search Firms in Dubai
Head Hunters Dubai
Executive Recruitment in Dubai
Emirati Talent Management
Executive Headhunters Dubai
Executive Recruitment Dubai
Executive Search Dubai

Unknown said...

Awesome Post!
CAA Hotels in Saskatoon
Executive Suites in Saskatoon
Long Term Suites in Saskatoon
Saskatoon Hotel
Hotels in Saskatoon
Saskatoon Hotels
Cheap Hotels in Saskatoon

Unknown said...

Informative Blog
Visitor Badges for DYMO Labelwriter
DYMO Visitor Pass
DYMO Expiring Visitor Badge
PassagePoint Visitor Management Software
Adhesive Visitor Passes
Direct thermal label

Unknown said...

labels for veterinary supplies
Rexam Prescription Vials
Animal Medication Labels
EZ Clear E Collar for dog
veterinary drug syringe labels

Maya Angelou said...

Storage services dubai
Furniture Installation In Dubai
Moving and Storage
Movers And Packers
International relocation companies in Dubai
Mover companies in dubai

Maya Angelou said...

nice post
Hijama Training Course
Hijama Courses London
Hijama Courses Institute
Cupping Therapy
Hijama Therapy Diploma

Unknown said...

Thanks For Sharing...
download wordpress themes 2015
free premium wordpress themes
Premium Blogger Templates 2015
premium wordpress themes free download

Anonymous said...

Thank you for this info, this is something I've been seeking for quite a bit.
Haresh vaswani
Mahesh vaswani
Sunil vaswani

Madhu said...

use full information korada provides telugu political news and telugu movie news accurately. You can get genuine telugu political, cinema news current affairs, andhra news, telangana news and all latest news @

rehan said...

It’s going to be ending of mine day, but before ending I am reading this fantastic piece of writing to improve my knowledge.

Hostgator Coupon Code
Volcom Coupon Code
Hurley Coupon Code

Jacky said...

Wow!! Lovely Smile Cute Thanks..

Digital Marketing Services India

Unknown said...

Tara - I'm really slow commenting on your comment on my post .... :) but I appreciate your cautions, and want to respond a bit. Though I'm leery of how scattershot my comments back might seem.Rubber Matting Roll

Unknown said...

Kennel floor matting gives your dog healthy environment because it is safe from moisture and protects from bacteria.Call Now 01744 520 110 .kennel floor matting by the expressrubberflooring is the best flooring material for the kennel of your dog. It is really effective against falling and is adjustable in all types of environment.

Luong Cong Huynh said...

Thanks for sharing your info. I really appreciate your efforts and I will be waiting for your further write
Kizi 123|
Friv 234|

Anonymous said...

Recruitment voice provides recruitment, latest jobs, jobs in India, Job Requirement, Government Jobs, Banking News, and GK Updates, current @

Full2Telugu said...

Kumari 21F Review and Kumari 21F Telugu Movie Review

Unknown said...

Nice publish you might have carried out here. I am really very happy to read this kind of. It is a quite educational topic you are chosen. continue the good work.nimble contact number

SAPNA said...

Nice Post.
indiaregisters provides web hosting, domain registration in india,domain registration, domain registration in hyderabad.

Unknown said...

Thank you for taking the time and sharing this information with us. It was indeed very helpful and insightful while being straight forward and to the point.
restaurant logo design service
restaurant branding solutions

Unknown said...

i can say that you did a great work on your blog here, i think you should keep it...
restaurant logo design service
restaurant branding solutions

Unknown said...

great. Looks like everyone knows about it. I'm going to read your other posts. Keep sharing :)
restaurant logo design service
restaurant branding solutions

Unknown said...

I am glad to see that people are actually writing about this issue in such a smart way, showing us all different sides to it. Thanks for sharing, please keep it up. Also checkout our new year 2017 images world new collections.

Unknown said...

Asalam-O-Alaiakum! How are you all? Well, I must say that the services were really good, but the guidance was not as great as it should be. We had some issue in Makkah, when we were doing Tawaf, due to the misguidance of the staff members, although the other things were really good.

Douglas Coffeys said...

Nicely explained...Other than these sectors, this increasing need for providers for Translation Services Los Angeles is usually gone through the actual business culture.

Unknown said...

Sarkari Recruitment is one of the biggest Indian Job Site so here you will getHPPSC Jobs 2017 so

Josephy said...

I can see a great improvement in your writing, I’ll love to get in touch. Keep up the good work! Your writing is very inspirational for someone who is new to this type of stuff.

Karthik Jessie said...

Get DHFWS, West Bengal Staff Nurse ,MO ,Other jobs Admit Card 2017 2017
Download Assam Secretariat Stenographer Notification 2017

Ancy merina said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Bếp Royal said...

bếp ga giá bao nhiêu?

Chúng tôi xin tư vấn nên tham khảo các thương hiệu bếp ga tại Showroom bếp

Tại thiết bị nhà bếp Royal chuyên các sản phẩm bếp ga nhập khẩu châu Âu và
Trung Quốc

Bếp Royal sẽ tư vấn kỹ chức năng, công dụng, thông số kỹ thuật và đơn giá của
từng loại bếp ga.

Thế mạnh của bếp Royal là dịch vụ vận chuyển uy tín chuyên
nghiệp, bảo hành tại nhà lên đến 2 năm, “chúng tôi luôn luôn cố gắng hết sức
để đem lại sự hài lòng cho quý khách

Ngoài ra Bếp Royal luôn có chương trình “khuyến mại bếp điện từ giá rẻ
và “khuyến mại đổi bếp” để phục vụ nhu cầu của quý khách hàng.

bếp điện giá bao nhiêu?

Chúng tôi xin tư vấn nên tham khảo các thương hiệu bếp điện tại Showroom bếp Royal!

Tại thiết bị nhà bếp Royal chuyên các sản phẩm bếp điện nhập khẩu Tây Ban
Nha và CH Pháp

Bếp Royal sẽ tư vấn kỹ chức năng, công dụng, thông số kỹ thuật và đơn giá của
từng loại bếp

Thế mạnh của bếp Royal là dịch vụ lắp đặt bếp điện uy tín
chuyên nghiệp, bảo hành tại nhà lên đến 3 năm, “chúng tôi luôn luôn cố gắng
hết sức để đem lại sự hài lòng cho quý khách

Ngoài ra Bếp Royal luôn có chương trình “khuyến mại bếp điện từ giá rẻ
và “khuyến mại đổi bếp” để phục vụ nhu cầu của quý khách hàng.

Để có giá tốt xin vui lòng liên hệ trực tiếp với chúng tôi qua Hotline

bếp điện từ giá bao nhiêu?

Chúng tôi xin tư vấn nên tham khảo các thương hiệu bếp điện từ tại Showroom bếp

Tại thiết bị nhà bếp Royal chuyên các sản phẩm bếp điện từ nhập khẩu Đức
bếp điện từ nhập khẩu Tây Ban Nha.

Bếp Royal sẽ tư vấn kỹ chức năng, công dụng, thông số kỹ thuật và đơn giá của
từng loại
bếp điện từ

Thế mạnh của bếp Royal là dịch vụ lắp đặt bếp điện từ uy tín
chuyên nghiệp, bảo hành tại nhà lên đến 3 năm, “chúng tôi luôn luôn cố gắng
hết sức để đem lại sự hài lòng cho quý khách

Ngoài ra Bếp Royal luôn có chương trình “khuyến mại bếp điện từ giá rẻ
và “khuyến mại đổi bếp” để phục vụ nhu cầu của quý khách hàng.

Để có giá tốt xin vui lòng liên hệ trực tiếp với chúng tôi qua Hotline

bếp từ giá bao nhiêu?

Chúng tôi xin tư vấn nên tham khảo các thương hiệu bếp từ tại Showroom bếp

Tại thiết bị nhà bếp Royal chuyên các sản phẩm bếp từ nhập khẩu Đức và bếp
từ nhập khẩu Tây Ban Nha

Bếp Royal sẽ tư vấn kỹ chức năng, công dụng, thông số kỹ thuật và đơn giá của
từng loại bếp từ.

Thế mạnh của bếp Royal là dịch vụ lắp đặt bếp từ uy tín chuyên
nghiệp, bảo hành tại nhà lên đến 3 năm, “chúng tôi luôn luôn cố gắng hết sức
để đem lại sự hài lòng cho quý khách

Ngoài ra Bếp Royal luôn có chương trình “khuyến mại bếp từ giá rẻ” và “khuyến
mại đổi bếp
” để phục vụ nhu cầu của quý khách hàng.

Để có giá tốt xin vui lòng liên hệ trực tiếp với chúng tôi qua Hotline

Tristar Traders said...

Ultimate article post in this blog. Thanks for sharing to us. It can help a lot to improve our knowledge
Gone are the days when a business laid down an annual sum to have its information listed in the Yellow Pages. These days it’s crucial for all businesses to instead prominently list themselves in online directories.AIR pros is a directory of service companies in your area with a geolocation system, automatic translation of the content.The site is optimized to facilitate the referencing of referenced companies.You can search for companies by department or city and look at their profile before contacting them.

Unknown said...

Save money with the latest free coupon codes, discounts & deals updated daily from the leading online stores by SEO Company in manchester

Chiến SEOCAM said...

Manana lahatsoratra lehibe ianao. Maniry anao ny andro vaovao mahafinaritra

Thông tin mới nhất về cửa lưới chống muỗi

Siêu thị cửa chống muỗi

Hé mở thông tin cửa lưới chống muỗi xếp

Phòng chống muỗi cho biệt thư ở miền Nam

krishna said...

flipkart big billion day offers,

flipkart axis bank offer,
flipkart axis bank offer 2017,
flipkart offers for axis bank credit card,
flipkart axis bank offer 2018,
flipkart axis bank credit card offer,
flipkart axis bank debit card emi,
flipkart axis,
flipkart axis bank offer terms and conditions,
flipkart emi axis bank debit card,
flipkart axis bank debit card emi offer,
flipkart coupons axis bank,
flipkart coupons for axis bank,
flipkart axis debit card offer,
flipkart axis bank emi,
flipkart axis bank debit card offer,
flipkart axis bank credit card,
flipkart axis bank debit card,
flipkart axis bank card offers,
flipkart axis bank offer october 2017,
flipkart axis card offer

flipkart big billion day offers,
axis bank flipkart offer,
flipkart offers axis bank,
axis bank offers in flipkart,
flipkart offers for axis bank credit card,
flipkart axis bank offer 2018,
flipkart axis bank credit card offers,
flipkart axis credit card offers,
flipkart offers on axis bank debit card,
flipkart axis bank offer 2019,
flipkart axis bank card offers,
flipkart axis bank cashback offer,
flipkart axis bank offer 10 off,
flipkart axis bank offer 2017,
flipkart axis bank offer october 2017,
flipkart axis bank offer terms and conditions,
flipkart axis card offer

Chiến SEOCAM said...

కొత్త సమాచారం, నేను నిజంగా మీకు ధన్యవాదములు.

Lều xông hơi khô

Túi xông hơi cá nhân

Lều xông hơi hồng ngoại

Mua lều xông hơi

Bồn ngâm massage chân Doca said...

Tôi thấy bài viết của bạn quá là tuyệt vời

Tư vấn trung tâm phối chó Bull Pháp tốt

Gợi ý địa điểm phối chó Bull Pháp tốt

Quy trình phối chó Pug tốt – Điện thoại: 0934 594 567

Quy trình phối chó phốc sóc tốt

Chiến NHX said...

cảm ơn bạn đã chia sẻ bài viết

cáo tuyết

cáo tuyết thái lan

Mua cáo tuyết

Bán cáo tuyết

bull pháp hà nội

Bồn ngâm chân massage said...

Cảm ơn bạn đã chia sẻ bài viết

lều xông hơi

lều xông hơi tại nhà

lều xông hơi giá rẻ

lều xông hơi sau sinh

Bồn ngâm massage chân Doca said...

ok hihi

Bồn ngâm chân

máy ngâm chân

bồn massage chân

may mat xa chan

Lillian J. Turner said...

What is the use of Domain Name? and its Importance

MyBlogger Club

Guest Posting Site

Best Guest Blogging Site

Guest Blogger

Guest Blogging Site

Buồn thế said...

Bài viết hay

Bồn ngâm massage chân Doca said...

Thực sự anh đã có bài viết hay và tuyệt vời

case máy tính cũ

vga cũ hà nội

mua bán máy tính cũ hà nội

Lắp đặt phòng net trọn gói

Christina N. said...

I found out, that taking herbal treatment is the best to get rid of hpv as soon as i feel the symptoms of hpv is appearing, i took the healing process by contacting Dr onokun for natural treatment it works wonders, amazingly ever since I had the herbal treatment i have not feel these horrible disease anymore and my doc told me the virus is gone, i am glad i finally got cured out from this horrible disease. every hpv or herpes patients should also get in touch with this herbalist Dr to get ride of these disease forever his email address; 

NuVista said...

What a fantastic post! This is so full of useful information I can't wait to dig deep and start utilizing the resources you have given me.Your exuberance is refreshing.NetSuite Partners in India

NuVista Technologies is the preferred Consulting and Implementation Partner of NetSuite. Specializes in NetSuite Implementation, Integration, Consulting and Managed Services. Nuvista Headquartered in Singapore and India, also has Portfolio across Singapore, India, UAE, and Africa.
NetSuite Partners in India

Kelly Cain said...


Guest Blogger

Guest Blogging Site

Guest Posting Site

Guest Blogging Website said...

Hay quá mà

Công dụng của giảo cổ lam 5 lá

Giá bán hạt methi bao nhiêu tiền?

Hạt methi mua ở đâu Thanh Xuân tốt?

Dùng hạt methi trị tiểu đường tuyp 2

Công dụng giảm béo của giảo cổ lam

Barbara Pantuso said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Bồn ngâm massage chân Doca said...

Bài viết ok lắm

thanh lý phòng net

màn hình máy tính 24 inch cũ

lắp đặt phòng net

giá card màn hình

house movers abu dhabi said...

SARA MOVERS PACKERS is a trustworthy shifting company dubai that provide safe and secure services.

shadkhan said...

We are the Local movers Dubai company that provide quick service in your locality.

Dubai Web Design said...

RC MOVERS is the perfect Dubai movers company that offering best sevice of Movers in Dubai Abu Dhabi and sharjah and all over UAE.

whirlpool washing machine repair sharjah said...

We give hassle-free service of Bosch washing machine repair sharjah | Daewoo washing machine repair sharjah and Ajman

Máy mátxa chân said...

ok anh zai

lều xông hơi

lều xông hơi tại nhà

lều xông hơi giá rẻ

lều xông hơi sau sinh

Home maintenance Dubai said...

Our company also offering Ac duct cleaning and sanitizing in Dubai and all over UAE.

Moving company Dubai said...

BUDGET CITY Moving company Dubai that providing all kinds of moving services with hassle-free.

fastjobs24 said...

IAF Group X Y Previous Papers

TNPCB AE Previous Papers

GPSC State Tax Inspector Previous Papers

AP PGECET Previous Papers

AP ICET Previous Papers

Barbara Pantuso said...


Delhi City School said...

Thank you for sharing this blog. This is very informative for me. One another informative I would like to share with you. If you are looking for Best School near Delhi then Delhi City School is Top CBSE School near Delhi. The School has experienced faculty who motivate the students. You will get admission to your child in nursery and they can study till 12th. Every year more than 1000 students pass 12th and 10th board exams with good marks. You can get Admission online.

chris morris said...

Nice blog , with a good chunk of information,The Quickbooks error code 12152 is related to the issue of internet connectivity. This error code prevents the user from installing the latest update of the accounting software.

mike paul said...

Business has totally changed after the introduction of allows us to do the task of accounting online with ease.sometimes,user faces different types of issue to be resolved only by quickbooks accounting assistance.

Barbara Pantuso said...

pentaxuser said...

I really like your theme, especially the photo. thank you for sharing. Hope you will share more interesting topics: Cách chữa chứng viễn thị bằng cách đeo kính áp tròng, Cách để trẻ lớn lên không bị đi chân vòng kiềng, Thuốc mới tiềm năng cho điều trị tiểu đường và Alz, Thuốc đông y chữa viêm họng và viêm amidan hiệu quả, Máy khuếch tán tinh dầu mini - KZV200, Làm sao để rau củ quả thật sự sạch, Bà bầu có nên ăn thực phẩm tái, sống không, Món ăn không biết ngán ngon miệng ngày tết,....................

Máy ngâm chân said...

ok good

Sự thật về đông trùng hạ thảo Việt Nam bạn nên biết

Giải mã bí mật đông trùng hạ thảo là gì?

Tác dụng đông trùng hạ thảo

Đông trùng hạ thảo

Eagle Painting Service said...

Eagle Technical services is a highly professional company all over Dubai. we can provide you the best service at a lower cost for a House wall painting service dubai, Wall painting service dubai, Interior wall painter dubai, and Wall painting Dubai service. Do you want good service? call me today and get great services.

Unknown said...

Get help installing PC software on your computer, including installing software on Windows 10 devices, in this free lesson.
clownfish voice changer female pitch

Smith Elen said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Best tiling company Dubai said...

if you are looking for interior renovation services in dubai then you came to the right place. We provide the best interior renovation services
in dubai at very affordable cost, to make use of our services just give us a call or contact us through our websiteInterior renovation Dubai

aliasghar said...

Best movers in dubai Mr Movers Packers, We Provide Movers and packers services for Houses, Villas, Offices, Warehouses Commercial, and Residential in the Whole Dubai. Call Now: 0555320375
fast movers and packers in dubai

Unknown said...

MSIT Solutions is a top Digital Marketing Company in India with a corporate office in Bihar. We are committed to offer world-class ethical digital services with professional approach.

Barbara Pantuso said...

Is it possible to run a business nowadays without having an online presence?
Use these effective Tricks to Enhance the Sale of your Business Site

Smith Elen said...

Hi I am so grateful I found your blog, I genuinely found you accidentally, while I was investigating on Bing for something other than what's expected, regardless I am here now and may just need to say credit for a sublime post and a generally energizing on the web diary. If it's not too much trouble, look at it. Custom Printed Makeup Boxes

Unknown said...

MSIT is one of the top SEO company providers in India. We use whitehat seo techniques to rank customer's websites. SEO Company in India

Movers and Packers in Dubai said...

I read Your Blog very good eritten skils and good content very understod abale i recommanded this one for my customers Movers and Packers in Sharjah
Movers and Packers in Dubai
Movers and Packers in Sharjah
Movers and Packers in Dubai

House Movers and Packers in Dubai

Movers and Packers in Dubai
Movers and Packers in Sharjah

Sầu nhân thế said...

ok hay đấy a

Mách bạn chi phí thi công nội thất trọn gói tại hà nội

Chi phí thi công nội thất trọn gói bao nhiêu năm 2021

Khám phá chi phí thi công nội thất trọn gói bao nhiêu

mustangled said...

best movers and packers in dubai
best movers in dubai
best moving companies in dubai
movers uae

Helen Henson said...

Great post. I like your post. Thanks for sharing.
How to Organize a Party or Get Together Perfectly
Most Common Skin Diseases and How to Treat Them

Shirley Kemp said...


Shirley Kemp said...


Shirley Kemp said...


Amaan said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Unknown said...

Free mobile and PC download games. Thousands of free Download or play free online! . Here is the Exact Arcade Version of Dig Dug!
best site to download highly compressed pc games

Shirley Kemp said...


richamalik said...

Really Amazing blog post. I love yours post. Thanks for sharing.
A Deep Dive Into Shopify Features
Reasons Why Drupal Development Remains a Leading CMS Platform
ecommerce website development in delhi

Movers and packers in Sharjah said...

The Move Me Professional Movers and Packers in Dubai. Contact us today for professional movers in Dubai. Make your move stress-free with The Move Me movers and packers in Dubai, UAE.
professional home movers and packers in Dubai
villa moving in dubai

Unknown said...

The Move Me Professional Movers and Packers in Dubai. Contact us today for professional movers in Dubai. Make your move stress-free with The Move Me movers and packers in Dubai, UAE.
movers and packers in Dubai
villa movers

richamalik said...

Blockchain Implementation: Superior Ways to Use Blockchain Technology
For What Reason Content Writing Matters for Businesses
Web Application Development: 5 Best Programming Languages to Follow
5 Points Why You Need SMO for Your Business

Asialegal Diectory said...

best law firms in asia
top legal diectory in asia
best lawyers in asia

Elsa Fernandes said...

The Truth about Covid19 and Menstruation
Preeclampsia: The Foundation of High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy
Searching For a Gynecologist: Tips to Choose the Right One

Shirley Kemp said...

How to prepare for UPSC Civil services Exam 2022

5 Best Programming Languages Used by Game Developers

Tips to Master your UI/UX Development Designs

Painting Services Dubai said...

thanks for such a great post
regards wallpaper installation Abu Dhabi

Hibbah Sheikh said...

I enjoyed looking over your post as very insightful simple facts have actually been published in your update. Islamic Information Center

Abdullah Saif said...

All of your guides are honorable and also contain magnificent related information that takes hold of the attention of visitors. Cheap Umrah Packages 2023

Adnan Ijaz said...

I treasure your matchless concepts with magnificent variety of concepts. You discussed all the details as well as figures in most enticing fashion. Umrah Packages

Eric Ryan said...

I treasure your special tips with amazing option of words. Appreciations for dispensing this type of details and also forecasting much more blog posts of this style from you. Free Fire Redeem code

This comment has been removed by the author.
Aleena Arfeen Hajj And Umrah Private Limited said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
S.Ram said...

How to Respond to Interview Invitations

Global On Site Support Services